Less talk, more action on sugar

Once again sugar is making the headlines, as Public Health England called for a co-ordinated approach to reducing the nation’s sugar intake. The Children’s Food Trust’s Dr Patricia Mucavele believes this is the only way to tackle this national problem.

I genuinely believe that in order to truly tackle our nation’s over indulgence in sugar we need a really joined up approach that goes beyond the usual talk and rhetoric. As a country we need a real commitment to this challenge, from manufacturers and distributors to government and public health experts as well as campaigners and communities. We all have our part to play in making these changes happen.

We need to consider why leisure centres full of sports equipment have vending machines selling fizzy drinks and chocolate, how adverts for sweets, fizzy drinks and fast food are allowed to be shown at cinemas with films aimed primarily at children. We need to ask why some supermarkets continue to sell sweets at the checkout or whether there should be greater taxation on sugary food and drink.

If we want to do more than pay lip service to the idea of reducing obesity then it must not just ask some of these questions but be willing to take some big steps in answering them.

One such step would be to make drinking water much more accessible, the government should be using some of the money they receive as taxes on sugary foods and drinks to fund drinking water fountains in public places. This would mean people having an easily accessible free, healthy alternative to buying sugary drinks.

This investment in amenities by government can already be seen in other areas where outside gyms have been installed in public parks and free running clubs allowing everyone the opportunity to make healthy lifestyle choices.

The critics will say, increasing taxes, banning sales and restricting the advertising and marketing of sugary products is creating a ‘nanny state.’ We all have an individual responsibility to improve our health there are steps the industry can take to make these personal decisions easier. Whether that’s making healthy options more available, restricting sales or creating a code of practice for the marketing of sugary products, when you see the statistics you see why it’s so important:

  • Children of all ages and adults eat too much sugar – intakes are highest amongst teenagers, who generally consume 50% more sugar than is recommended.
  • one in five children aged 4-5 years and one in three children aged 10-11 years are categorised as obese or overweight
  • one third of five year-olds in England in 2012 had tooth decay

What we are doing is not only giving our children health problems from an early age but setting them on course for a life time of serious illnesses such as Type 2 Diabetes and heart disease.

There’s also no magic bullet that will solve all our sugar problems – the challenge ahead is certainly a big job and the changes needed shouldn’t be underestimated. That said there are some simple steps we can all take to reduce our own sugar intake and improve our health and that of our children.

I know it’s not always easy to make these changes, whether it’s cutting down on the amount of salt, sugar or fatty foods we eat it can be a real challenge. But there are some small steps we can all make to improve our health.

Four top tips to reduce the amount of sugar in your diet are:

  • swap sugary drinks to water or lower-fat milk
  • swap sugary snacks such as biscuits and cakes for a piece of fruit
  • swap sugary breakfast cereals to plain wholegrain options
  • check food labels and choose products that are ‘low’ or ‘medium’ in sugar.

Of course if you’re cooking at home it’s even easier to reduce the amount of sugar you use, there are lots of low sugar, salt and fat recipes at www.letsgetcookingathome.org.uk for you to try.

There is also some great advice about reducing the amount of sugar in your family’s diet at http://www.actiononsalt.org.uk/actiononsugar  and http://www.nhs.uk/Change4Life/Pages/low-sugar-healthy-snacks.aspx


Holidays are coming…let’s not sugar-coat it

Laura Sharp

Laura Sharp

There’s no denying that it’s part of the Christmas advertising furniture. It’s got snow, it’s got twinkly lights and jingly bells, and it captures the anticipation of waiting for Santa perfectly. Except it’s not about waiting for the big guy, but for a Coca Cola truck.

The ‘holidays are coming’ advert has hit the road again this year, visiting towns and cities up and down the country and offering anyone who attends free samples (under-12s, with parental consent only). It’s a canny (and huge) campaign for the company that’s been able to make its product so synonymous with Christmas and the guy in the big red suit that it now describes the airing of the ad as marking ‘the beginning of the festive season’.

In month when the sugar content of cola has been in the news again, there are healthier drinks to help kids get into the Christmas spirit. There’s no better way to do this than to get them involved in making their own, so here are our picks of great celebration drink recipes. While these still contain sugar so shouldn’t be drunk too often, it’s mainly from fruit juice – which at least gives children nutrients like Vitamin C at the same time. Plus, fruit juice counts towards one of the five portions of fruit and veg we all need to have each day for good health. Cheers!

Laura’s one of our nutritionists – email Laura.

Weighing in….

Jo NicholasSo, does Katie Hopkins have a point? Should you tell your child they’re fat?

Her latest sofa spat was manna from heaven for the This Morning team, with thousands of views on YouTube, a huge reaction on Twitter and coverage in many of the national papers.

Whatever your views on her debating style (and substance), there’s actually a bigger, more complicated point fighting to be heard here: why aren’t we focusing on the things that really make a difference for what children learn about eating and food from us, as parents? Simply telling children anything – let alone that they’re overweight – is rarely enough to change their behaviour for good. They learn so much simply from watching how we behave – particularly when they’re very young, and particularly when it comes to food. We need to be their role models, not their remonstrators on this: right from when they’re taking their first spoonfuls of solids, they’re starting out on a massive learning curve. And what they see – and copy – from us has a huge impact on how they’ll eat for life:

  • Show them what it means to eat well. Get them eating the same foods as you: give the whole family the same dish and adjust the portion sizes
  • Enjoy your fruit and veg: if kids see you pushing your vegetables around your plate, they’ll copy you
  • Try new foods together. Be open-minded and positive about tasting something different; they’ll watch how you react and take their cue from you
  • Be consistent about eating healthily. You might need to talk to other people who help you with childcare, like grandparents, and explain what you want them to do for meals and snacks
  • Try not to have unhealthy snacks in the house – but have plenty of healthier options on hand. There’s nothing wrong with occasional treats, but it’s about showing them what occasional means
  • Try to sit down together to eat whenever you can, and turn off the TV so you can chat
  • Give children plates and cutlery which are the right size for them; it all helps them to eat independently
  • Encourage your kids to choose what they’re going to eat for themselves – get them involved with planning meals and making a shopping list
  • Don’t expect them to finish everything on their plate. Let them have seconds if they’re still hungry after their main course, and dessert’s ok even if they haven’t finished their main meal
  • Don’t use food as a reward – or as a punishment
  • Get them helping to set up and clear away after mealtimes
  • Get ‘em cooking. Yes, it will be more messy than when you cook. Yes, it will take longer. But it’s far and away one of the most effective ways to get kids excited about food and trying new tastes.

Do we need to tell kids they’re fat? We’d be better just showing them good habits from the very start.

Jo is one of our nutritionists and runs our research evaluation programme. Email Jo.

Keep away from scary junk food this Halloween

Laura Sharp

I’ll tell you what’s really scary about Halloween, if you’re a parent. The sugar highs. The delightful little monster your little one can turn into after tucking into the booty from a trick-or-treat session, or from a Halloween party awash with spookified sweets, crisps and cake. It really can be the stuff of nightmares!

A whizz through the supermarket aisles in the next few weeks will throw up all sorts of opportunities to buy Halloween-themed food that’s more of a trick than a treat for your child’s health.

Consider this – if your mini monsters manage to bag two fun size chocolate bars, a pack of crisps and a few handfuls of gummy sweets while trick or treating, they’ll be taking on around 61grams of sugar and 13grams of fat. That’s more than the maximum amount of the white stuff they should eat in a whole day, according to nutrition guidelines.

So how can you celebrate without too much of the products that can make children’s bodies recoil in horror?

On page 47 of our Early Years Guidelines  you’ll find advice for early years settings and families on how to make annual events special without spending £s and gaining unhealthy lbs, while making sure your whole troupe are fully fuelled to enjoy themselves (without a teary eyed, sugar induced energy crash later on!)

Here’s my top tips:

  1. Search Pinterest for healthy and fun snack ideas – like these witches fingers made out of carrot sticks and almonds or these spooky ghosts made from eggs. These will be much more exciting for youngsters than a boring chocolate bar wrapped in plastic. We have loads of recipes on our boards as well as some creative inspiration from elsewhere.
  1. Plan an  afternoon of special games or crafts to mark thLGC202e occasion. Pumpkin carving is an old favourite so afterwards you can continue the fun making homemade Pumpkin Soup using the pulp you’d usually throw away. You’ll have a great time learning how to cook a new recipe together and the kids will  feel full up before they’re offered more unhealthy snacks while trick or treating.
  1. If you are friendly with your neighbours, could you ask if they’d consider offering non-food treats like stickers if they’re expecting a spooky knock at the door from your little ones? These could cost them the same, if not less, than the usual sweets and fizzy drinks.
  1. If you’re hosting a party, why not hold it at a time when your guests won’t be expecting to eat a lot, like mid-morning or mid-afternoon and offer quirky themed refreshments like our Witches Brew Fruit Smoothie instead?

If you try out any of these foodie tips we’d love to hear from you! Tweet us your spooky snaps to @ChildFoodTrust

Laura is one of our nutritionists. Email Laura

Laura Sharp

Too much of a thirst for knowledge?

Laura Sharp

Does your child drink enough during the school day? Too many children are going far too long without a drink, according to a survey.

The poll of 2,000 parents of primary school children by the Natural Hydration Council found a quarter didn’t give children a drink at breakfast time. Less than a quarter of parents (23.3%) reported giving their children water to take to school and less than 40% of parents said schools provide water on the tables at lunchtime. ??????????????

Not good news. Dehydration affects children’s ability to learn at school. Studies have shown they perform better in class after having a drink – they found it easier to remember and recall information, and were more focused on what they were doing. When it comes down to it, if children aren’t well-hydrated, their bodies won’t work correctly and their health is at risk.

Read my top tips on hydration for kids in my previous post.

Laura’s one of our nutritionists. Email Laura.

Not a winning formula

Tricia web£531 per year. What could you do with that? Months and months of nappies? A chunk of nursery fees? Weeks of food shopping?

That’s how much Which? calculates families can save by switching from toddler milks – formula products promoted as a sort of nutritional safety net for children from the age of one to around three years old – to standard cow’s milk each year. It’s serious food for thought – and not just because of the financial saving, huge though that is. It’s also about children’s nutrition.

Because – despite what the adverts might suggest – kids at this age simply don’t need specially-formulated milks. If they’re eating a healthy diet; having regular cow’s milk; and taking the multivitamin the government recommends for all little ones, they’ll be getting everything they need. With some toddler milks, they’re actually getting added extras they don’t need: Which? found toddler milks contained more sugar and less calcium than cow’s milk, and some even add flavourings like vanilla.

The companies who make toddler milks often argue the products are a way to make sure fussy eaters are getting the nutrients they need. But working on encouraging your child to eat well will do far more for their nutrition and eating habits in the long-term than turning to toddler milk.

Fussy eating and fear of new foods is thought to be a natural thing. It affects up to one in every five children, typically when they’re between 18 months and two years old.

The trick is not to worry about what your child eats in one day, or if they don’t eat everything in a single meal. It’s more important to think about what they eat over a week.

Boy eating at nursery

Very simply, a good diet for your toddler means eating a range of different foods from these four food groups:

  • different fruits and vegetables
  • a variety of starchy foods
  • a range of meat, fish, eggs, beans and alternatives
  • and at least three portion of milk and dairy foods.

My top tips:

  • Try and try again. It can take up to fifteen tries of a new food before children accept it, and their tastes change all the time. Every now and then, try them again with a food they’ve rejected in the past
  • Don’t use favourite foods as a reward if your child tries something new – you’re only making them prize those foods even more. Food should never be used as a punishment either – use stickers or non-food rewards instead
  • Eat with them, and give your child the same meals as the rest of the family
  • Start small. Give your child a tiny taste of a new food first – they can always have more
  • Give them control – they should have the chance to spit the new food into a tissue if they really don’t like it
  • Praise them for trying new things
  • Give your child small servings at first. They can always have seconds but can feel put off by big portions
  • Bring the food to life. A simple noodle soup? ‘Wiggly Worm Soup’ sounds so much more fun….
  • Keep calm. As frustrating as it is, don’t get cross or force your child to eat. Take their plate away without comment if they haven’t eaten what’s on it
  • In the meantime, fool ‘em! Add cooked and mashed carrots, butternut squash, sweet potato or swede to normal mashed potato; throw carrots, peppers and onions into bolognaise sauce ; smuggle fruit into puddings.

And when it comes to milk, go for full-fat cow’s milk for one to two year-olds; you can switch to semi-skimmed once they turn two if they’re eating a good diet. Avoid skimmed milk for under-fives – it doesn’t contain enough fat and energy for their needs. From the age of one, children can have goats’ and sheep’s milk, and unsweetened soya milk fortified with calcium if you need a non-dairy alternative for them.

Check out our autumn/winter menus for one to five year olds for more ideas.

Tricia heads up our team of nutritionists. Email Tricia.

Get kids cooking this summer holiday

So, how’s your summer break going? LGC148

If you’re lucky enough to be taking the kids away for a bit, enjoy the chance to get them trying some new foods and menus from wherever you’re heading off to.

But if you’re quickly running out of ideas to keep your little monsters little darlings entertained at home, here are our top ideas for things to do with them in the kitchen:

  • Take a taste-cation. Who needs a round-the-world tour when you can cook your way around the world from the comfort of your own home? Try Let’s Get Cooking’s international recipe ideas including our beach-tastic Mango and Banana Lassi from Brazil. If you want to get really creative, you can even try learning some Portuguese with the recipe at the same time!
  • Get on the podium. One year since the London Olympics, recreate the celebrations by baking salt dough medals using the activity on pages 6 and 7. You can’t actually eat them (sorry), but they’re great fun to decorate – perfect for their own medal ceremony in the back garden
  • Fire up the BBQ. Get the kids doing some of the prep next time you’re planning a barbeque meal – here’s our recipe for Brilliant Burgers  Brilliant Burgers
  • The (non-alcoholic) bar’s open. Get them experimenting with refreshing summer drinks they can make with you. Our summer fruit quenchers are a big hit
  • Join our Getting Kids Cooking campaign with PizzaExpress for a chance to win. Try our pizza recipe and send us your pic.
  • Bag it. Finally, we love this idea from blogger and writer Hattie Garlick – she’s used one of our jute bags to make an apron for toddlers in the kitchen. Genius!

ClaireClaire works in our communications team. Email Claire